Acne is caused by the effects of hormones on the pilosebaceous unit that consist of hair follicle, which is a sebaceous gland and a hair.
Various gels, lotions, and creams are used to treat acne. Different preparations work in different ways. Many topical medications - creams, gels, and lotions - are used to treat acne. The most commonly used topical acne treatments include benzoyl peroxide, retinoid, topical acne antibiotics, azelaic acid, and combination topical products.
Benzoyl Peroxide-This can prove beneficial as benzoyl peroxide can kill the acne bacteria and open the blocked oil gland pores. There are a huge variety of products available in the market and you can use the lower concentrations as well but before using the high concentration you should seek the prescription of doctor.
Topical retinoid-This is the effective treatment for acne. It provides indirect antibacterial effects. It creates strong comedolytic and anticomedogenic activity.
Tretinoin is a prototype drug, which is an acid of vitamin A and this drug has shown to normalize desquamation of the follicular epithelium, promote drainage of comedones and inhibit new comedone formation.
Tazarotene- it is a type of designer retinoid and a part of vitamin A family as like other members of vitamin A family this is also called retinoid. It is an approved treatment from the Health Canada. To use this for the treatment of acne you should apply a small quantity to the entire face but avoid the areas that can cause irritation as eyes and nose. Wash the face after 30 minutes and it will provide the relief from the irritation that is caused by the acne and other skin problems.
Tretinion- This topical treatment for acne is considered the effective method of acne treatment. This is a vitamin A option derivative and is used for the treatment of sun damaged skin and acne. A cream and ointment, which is having content of tretinion, should be used before going to bed and areas near to eyes and nose are avoidable areas. You can apply the cream on the chin and cheeks because it may be irritating for some people who have sensitive skin.
Azelaic acid- This method is used to unplugged the blocked pores. It has some qualities like retinoid so that it is used o treat both blackheads and whiteheads. It is good for treating acne and providing less irritation.