Steroid abuse is one of the most prevalent issues in today’s society that is associated with body builders, fitness buff and professional athletes. Over the years, the problems caused by steroids are widespread. They are not limited to athletes only but have also included school children and business professionals as well. According to an estimate by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) estimates that more than a half million 8th and 10th grade students are now using these dangerous drugs, and increasing numbers of high school seniors don’t believe steroids are risky.
A study indicates that 1,084,000 Americans or 0.5 percent of the adult population are found to have used anabolic steroids. Dietary supplements that act as steroid are also being used by most of the people without any knowledge that taking diet supplements is as risky as administering steroids. It can cause the same potential side effects that steroids cause. Though most of the short-term adverse physical effects of anabolic steroid abuse are fairly well known yet the long-term adverse physical effects of anabolic steroid abuse are not known.
Serious injury and death may be caused by the use of anabolic steroids in addition to other harmful side effects that may or may not be reversible. Those people who abuse steroids are often unaware of these dangers. Thus it is important to know these problems in order to take preventative measures.
One of the most commonly used steroids used by bodybuilders, athletes, and fitness buff is the Anabolic steroids as they claim that steroids give them a competitive advantage and also improve their physical performances. Steroids are believed to increase lean body mass, strength, and aggressiveness and also it reduces recovery time between workouts enabling the individuals to train harder and thus improve their strength and endurance. Some non-athletes also tend to take steroids to increase their endurance, muscle size, and strength, and reduce body fat which they think improves personal appearance.
Just for the sake of excelling in sports and to perform their job better people are willing to take great risk. The society in which we live in, gives grave importance to our own image. So in order to achieve these goals anabolic steroids and anabolic food substitutes are selling like hot cakes. Despite the illegality of steroids and being banned by various sports authorities, steroid abuse is still a menace.
A study "Monitoring the Future” that was conducted in the year 2002 determined that since 1991 there was a significant increase of steroid use among school age children. This annual study surveys drug use among eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders in the United States and a significant increase of steroid use among teenagers was found. 22% of eighth graders, 33.2% of tenth graders, and 46.1% of twelfth graders reported that steroids were “fairly easy” or “very easy” to obtain.
Steroids are most commonly used by males with annual prevalence than females. The “Monitoring the Future” study also determined that misuse and abuse of steroids is a major concern among school aged children.
1) A survey in 1999 determined that 479,000 students nationwide, or 2.9%, had used steroids by their senior year of high school.
2) A survey in 2001 determined the percentage of 12th graders who believed that taking these drugs causes “great risk” to health declined from 68% to 62%.
These findings indicate a serious need for concern about the abuse. Another survey that was conducted by CDC in the year 2002 indicates that 5% of all high school students reported lifetime use of steroid without a doctor’s prescription. The survey also indicated that 5.8% of ninth graders, 4.9% of tenth graders, 4.3% of eleventh graders, and 4.3% of twelfth graders reported lifetime illegal use of steroids.
Thus education about the dangerous and harmful side effects and symptoms of abuse needs to be spread among the teenagers in order to curb the menace.
Athletes and others must be made to understand that they can excel in sports and have a great body without steroids. Proper diet, adequate rest, overall good mental and physical health etc. should be mainly focused to properly condition the body.